Climate change is a threat to development, posing increasing risks for societies and economies and the ecosystems that sustain both. The most visible impacts of this problem are increases in climate-related disasters (extreme weather, floods, widespread rainfalls and droughts), the reduction of available resources, damage to infrastructure, and risks to health and life.
Tackling climate change will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. The main challenge is developing an adaptation strategy that includes planning, infrastructure, risk management and emergency response, as well as institutional capacity for more resilient systems. We need to ensure that every stage of the economy and the normal development of citizens unfold without disruption in the most resilient way.
Likewise, climate change mitigation demands urgent action to avoid even worse and irreversible impacts. The rapid scale-up of renewable and clean energies for all and the improvement of energy efficiency in every sector are imperatives for decoupling development rates from energy use and carbon emission rates.
At the same time, access to modern, affordable and sustainable energy services is at the core of the Sustainable Development Goals for the 2030 Agenda.
We also need to innovate and be much more efficient in the use of all resources. The concept of a circular economy that fosters recovery and regeneration, combined with advanced manufacturing technologies, will redefine global value chains.
The B20 community needs to continue being at the forefront of the discussion of these extremely important topics.